The Clever Hans Effect: Cues

In my life I have used the ‘clever Hans Effect’ on numerous occasions. Nowhere apparent than when i was an infant communicating with my moms and when I was in hospital. After I regained my consciousness after 3 weeks in a coma, I spent further 3 moths with no speech. Also I was very weak, I could barely move a muscle. However I was slowly regaining the awareness and subjective responsiveness.

After 3 months in the intensive Care Unit is when I was transferred from LGI to Chapel Alleton Hospital. Where I received further rehabilitation coupled with speech therapy sessions. So with no speech and before I regained my physical strength to facilitate making gestures, how did I manage to communicate with my relatives and the hospital staff. At this point I was like toddler having to relearn everything, though I lacked the vigour and determination of one. However I could cry and make a racket like them and that was my survival mechanism. The racket was the only type of living I knew at that point.

Clever Hans Effect

⁃ Wilhelm Von Osten was a German maths teacher; a horse trainer, and a fervent student of phrenology. As a phrenologist, he adhered to the belief that a person’s intelligence, among other things, can be determined by the size and shape of their head/ skull. In other words Phrenology was of the notion that the bigger the skull, the better the power and intelligence. Phrenology spread from Britain and the delusional and absurd concept died away by the early 1850s but a new movement was reintroduced by the Americans in the 1860s and 1870s. So absurd that only the ignorant and gullible were susceptible to the pretensions of the delusional phrenologists (nothing but zealous extremists). However, they were laying foundation for further research given that some of its components still live on. For instance, “The mind is composed of multiple distinct, innate faculties”.

⁃ Also due in part to Charles Darwin’s evolution theory in early 20th century, many became interested in animal intelligence

⁃ In 1891 Von Osten was performing free shows all over Germany. By this stage, Hans was able to spell out names with his taps, as well as tell the time and could work out dates and that.

⁃ The Hans commission (a board of 13 professionals including a veterinarian and a circus manager), was appointed to investigate the veracity of the scientific claims. After reaching a conclusion that there was no tricks involved. Pfunst a psychologist remained skeptical thus carried out further investigations. The horses’ accuracy diminished when Von Osten was asked to stand further away from the horse when asking questions.

⁃ Pfunst asserted that hans used the subtle unintentional cues (reactions of his trainer) to judge when to stop tapping.

⁃ Having said that, it’s possible to communicate with any animal by spending considerable amount of time learning from each other, using the ‘Clever Hans Effect’. Once upon a time mothers also used similar communication skills to interact with their babies. In hospital I would also stop making a racket/ crying when the correct reaction and actions were taken by people around. If you give a child a lollipop, the child will smile at you and if you take it from the child, the child will start crying. To show you that what you are doing is mean. Continue reading “The Clever Hans Effect: Cues”

Crisis can either make you or break you

Where there is crisis I see opportunity. Crisis can either make us or break us. React to it wisely, you a winner my friend, if you don’t it will beat you down to your knees. In the Chinese alphabet the character for crisis also means opportunity. To overcome crisis you have to become more resolutely stubborn.

Christopher Columbus said

– Refuse to give in to temporal defeat you must keep on trying and trying again. By prevailing over all obstacles and destructions one may unfailingly arrive at his chosen goal or destination-.

Mamoudou Gassama

What a hero, he deserves film roles in Hollywood or better, imagine if he got the fame and fortune of Toby Maguire who popularised the Spider-Man fantasy. He risked his life for he could have died as a result many disliked his act of heroism. Last time I checked the YouTube video showing the incident, the ratio of thumbs up to thumbs down was 71k👍🏿: 3.3k👎🏿. However for many it was an act of unprecedented heroism and the president of France realised that and made him an honorary French citizen coupled with a french medal of courage and in June 2018 he received the BET Humanitarian Award. Also he was offered to join the fire service.

Before this Gassama was an immigrant who crossed the Mediterranean and acquired legal papers to stay in Italy after taking a treacherous journey from Mali to Europe via Bekina Faso, Niger and Libya were he was reportedly incarcerated and beaten like a piñata. Despite getting papers in Italy, he wanted to be reunited with his brother living in France.

As a young lad prolly single and nothing to loose, he decided to take the riskiest move to climb four stories to save someone’s life. Little did he know that the crisis at hand would present him with opportunities.

Where there is chaos there is opportunity #DonaldTrump #SatoshiNakamoto #Zimbabwe

For instance, who benefited most from the financial rescission of 2008?

Globally it could be argued that Donald Trump and Satoshi Nakamoto. I presume that all of you know who Donald Trump is- the most powerful man in the world right. Before coming to political salience in 2014, Trump was widely known as a B-Star TV celebrity, a Real Estate mogul and a billionaire. Throughout his campaign he came across as a demagogue garnering the support of those who least felt the slow economic recovery benefits from the 2008 financial crash. He criticised the Federal Reserve, blasted trade deals like with China and NAFTA, and called into question the unemployment rate. Despite the animosity from a considerable number of influential figures in the USA and the world at large, he is at the helm of the most powerful nation in the world.

The other notable name which benefited hugely from the 2008 financial recession is Satoshi Nakamoto. This could be a male Japanese individual or the name of an entity. However what is known for certain is the name is the alias used by the creator of Bitcoin. Google the name and find out yourself.

Nakamoto rivalled the foundation of money by creating cryptocurrency in early 2009. Is it fortuitous or not that, the creation of the Bitcoin just happened to perfectly correspond with the collapse of people’s confidence in the financial system. Or Nakamoto is an opportunist who used a well calculated strategy to wait for the right moment to unveil his/ their idea.

Recently I went back to the matrix and I was greeted by tired looking buildings as well as poverty from every conner. However amid the misery and despair they be some thriving businesses, individuals and thugs benefiting from subtle as well as blatant corruption.

I know that the key to weathering the economic chaos is to find the opportunity within it. But do not benefit from the misery and suffering of the less advantaged, it’s unscrupulous.

Be obsessed and be idiotically confident

First off I digress, it’s been a while I know but I’m back and I promise to give you more words. For in the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, however mine word is not from the mountain top.

Back to my word: Work doggedly and be idiotically confident to rise to the loftiest heights.

Following my previous posts, someone contacted me and said there is nothing wrong with wanting more and argued that our Heavenly Father wants us to be prosperous. I 100% agree and that’s why it is important to create value in whatsoever you desire or choose to do for it is written in Luke chapter 12 that to whom much is given much is expected. Many acknowledge this by making donations or contributions towards various causes and that’s creating value. Your business could create value directly or indirectly. If your objective is to create value you will not view charity as a contribution or donation but as an investment.

⁃The greats and the succetssful people are arguably jewels in a crown, they do not only make the world go round but also make the world a liveable place.

⁃Be obsessed or be mediocre: unending desire to create something: be idiotically confident.

⁃without the capacity to work tirelessly or to be obsessed you can never be great. Obsession and steadfastness are key attributes here, better yet anyone in a functional state of mind can have them. You don’t need any qualifications whatsoever to acquire them. For example who thought a guy with no formal education could lead a successful nation. It has been said that Jacob Zuma of South Africa had no formal education but self taught. He did not only serve one term but two terms (forced resignation before the second one ended). Before he came to power he was already a successful man even one of the wealthiest figures in Africa. His flamboyance is expressed by his many well looked after concubines and swag. It’s fair to acknowledge that he had worked tirelessly to get to the pinnacle before the government corruption allegations. When he made a silly mistake particularly when delivering speeches he would use his charisma to destruct people in order to take they eyes off him.

⁃Along the road to the top they gon be haters and naysayers, use those as fuel to keep at it even to up your game. Does this sound familiar “I love you the way you are so don’t try to be something you not” or “slow down will you and don’t stress it’s not good for your health” or “don’t compare yourself to others” or “relax a bit, take some time off”

⁃many people will tell you that the obsession of success or greatness is not a good thing. However each and everyone has some greatness in them, own your greatness.

⁃Obsession will allow you to keep pressing forward to the next best thing. The best not only for yourself but also the wider community

⁃If you use the same innocents and energy you had as a child you will never go wrong. Without honesty and integrity you may end up falling from the pinnacle like Zuma.

pray to god like your life depends on him and work even harder like peoples lives depend on you

Your body is a temple

First off most of what I write are my beliefs or notions. Unlike laws, my beliefs are open to deliberation. If you disagree feel free to refute.

⁃ Our bodies are vehicles for getting things done. That said the healthier you are the better the chances to accomplish your goals.

⁃ Many ask me how I maintain my body given my circumstances, by and large I use my wheelchair to access outdoors.

1) I try to use my crutches, as much as possible 2) I don’t live to eat, I eat to live 3) I use my body weight to do the exercises that are within my ability and capability. 4) I make sure that I sleep for at least 6 hours 5) I drink a lot of water.

⁃ I hardly spend a dime to stay fit, no price to maintain my priceless body. However I would be lying if I say I never joined a gym. Admittedly, I was once a gym rat- spending a lot of time there working out, swimming lessons, steaming in the sauna, and lounging. Yet Richard Branson was laughing all the way to the bank at the expense of man like me. Thankfully I got busy in my life and I made a conscious decision to stop going to the gym.

⁃ In conclusion, Biblically apostle Paul asked that “or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? try and treat your body with maximum respect.

⁃ A healthy body is key in life and remember that life ain’t a sprint it’s a marathon. Do not abuse or over use your body in this day and age where life is subject to a rat race. Remember to occasionally rest and enjoy a good meal. Otherwise you will burn out or run out of fuel.

How poverty is one of the worst enemies of humanity.

⁃ Arguably one of the most influential figures of our generation once said

⁃ If you are born poor it’s not your mistake but if you die poor it’s your mistake. (Bill Gates)

⁃ In other words he challenged every one living in abject poverty to break the vicious cycle in they bloodline and failure to do that shame on you.

⁃ The question is do you agree with Bill or not. Personally and to some extent I don’t. In some circumstances the rich will always be rich, unless they are stupid enough to loose it all. The poor will always find it hard to break through but it’s suffice to say that everyone in the right state of mind aspires to live a descent life even to make it big. Hence the phrase “Get Rich or Die Trying” which was coined in the ghettos of America. This phrase implies that the only way out for the poor is to commit crime if they can’t be propped up by some sort of means weather by the government, religion or other means. Poverty is one one of the worst enemies of human kind. It wastes people’s potential, depriving societies and economy, affecting the skills and talents of those who have valuable contributions to make.

⁃ Myself I go to a church which provides platforms to help folk to access work and become self-reliant. With regards to the government and the wider communities, governments across the world could do a lot to make a difference. In the U.K. and from a Town Planning point of view the Joseph Rowntree Foundation In 2016 proposed a five point plan to eradicate poverty

⁃ 1) Boost incomes and reduce costs;

⁃ 2) Deliver an effective benefit system;

⁃ 3) Improve education standards and raise skills;

⁃ 4) Strengthen families and communities; and

⁃ 5) Promote long-term economic growth benefiting everyone.

To my fellow physically and mentally challenged I say to you we are different and difference is what makes this world. As a result you can bring something different to the table if you can. For instance learning difference like dixylesia can be a struggle in the early years, particularly the educational process but it will be a mighty advantage in the long run because if you different you can see what most people don’t see better yet life will only get better. For instance man like Richard Branson and Albert Einstein were dyslexic but they became very influential persons in life. Unfortunately the talent of people with learning difference from impoverished backgrounds particularly third world countries will never be realised.

The Countdown: Just do it

⁃ Mel Robinson a lawyer by profession in the USA had an epiphany, one day when she was watching a space shuttle lift off, before going to bed. That famous count down gave her an insight and made her wonder if she could use it to launch herself out of bed in the morning. The following morning when the alarm went off she started counting down from 5 to 1 and afterwards she got up without procrastinating. Having said that she was really impressed by her discovery and spent 3 further years researching and scientifically proving if her 5 seconds rule countdown works. She went on deliver a Ted talk about it and the world was listening. Many tried to use it and many found it to be a vital tool to eschew procrastination echoing arguably one of the most powerful tag lines “Just do it” used by Nike. Therefore it could be argued that- Just do it- is the concept and the 5 second rule or the countdown is the tool. I said or the countdown because I believe that the count down could start at any figure and be just as effective. Some people could start at 3 simultaneously some could start at 10 depending on preference.

⁃ However scientifically, it is argued that the moment you have an instinct to act upon something, you only have 5 seconds to act on it before your brain shuts it down.

⁃ Therefore counting down from 5 to 1 makes sense. The countdown does not only awaken the pre frontal cortex but disrupts your negative patterns. From this point of view this tool could be used to disrupt any bad patterns. Try it and see if it works for you, do not let the biological imperatives go out of hand, if they do start using this tool.

⁃ You can’t control how you feel but you can control how you act. For instance you might feel attracted to someone but it is within you to have the courage to talk to the person or you would rather choke. Another common example is that of Marathon athletes, they can’t control their exhaustion but more often than not many choose to continue running rather than stoping.

⁃ The countdown tool gives you the courage and with courage you have the impetus to do or change things. You might not change the world but I guarantee you that you will change yourself for the better. Many across the globe tried it and successes range from having the voice to running multi-dollar businesses. That said it can help to boost your productivity, live a healthy life, cut futile procrastination and so forth.

⁃ Mel Robinson discovered this tool at 41, stuck in the swamp (despair) and now she is living a purposeful life even successful, she a doctor now.

⁃ If you can change the morning routine you can change everything. Try the 5,4,3,2,1 rule to wake up early in the morning. Set up your early alarm and do the wake up challenge and boom you are awake it could take a lot to wake up but it will get better as the day prolongs. Sleep inertia, you will require more energy to wake than you need to get by rest of the day. In a similar vein science says that more energy is required to initiate the movement than to sustain the velocity. To reach your potential you gonna have to push yourself to take that first leap. The general consensus here is that you can accomplish more if you wake up early in the morning however it could be argued that productiveness and efficiency has more value and different folk are best productive and efficient at different times. Some feel productive and creative at night ironically some feel the same in the morning. Some at various times through out the day. Albeit the widely known productive hours are the first hours of your day, before your mind is distracted or bombarded by a myriad of thoughts. In other words that’s when you exhibit maximum freshness.

⁃ Which takes us to the importance of taking a nap. Winston Churchill was known for taking naps during the hit of World War II. As a result he attributed his successes to the naps he took. So don’t be hard on yourself by forcibly trying to keep awake throughout the day like a hard man, it’s ok to take a nap. You will be restarting and refreshing the mind.

⁃ Taking a nap is like an episode of productive procrastination- allowing your mind to wander as part of the creative process, sometimes we do this because we are stressed.

In conclusion conquer your doubts and fears, just do it. As Miyamoto Musashi (a great swords man) said

Today is victory over yourself of yesterday; tomorrow is your victory over lesser men.